First, we need to know the dimensions of the piston and cylinder. Second, we need to know the working pressure of the hydraulic cylinder. The force exerted in a hydraulic cylinder can be calculated using the following equation: F = P x A. where F is the force, P is the pressure of the fluid in the cylinder, and A is the working effectiveness area of the piston. This equation can be used to calculate forces in any hydraulic system.
For example, the effective area of a double-acting cylinder is 0.145m² for push and 0.048m² for retraction, rated working pressure is 70Mpa.
The pushing force should be F(push)=70MpaX0.145m²=10.15Ton, and the pulling force should be F(pull)=70MpaX0.048m²=3.3Ton.